A Message from Leif Rubinstein Director of Clinical Programs Clinics are an integral part of the educational process at Touro Law and a requirement for graduation. Available to upper level students clinics provide the opportunity to represent actual clients with real legal problems while working under the supervision of experienced attorney- professors. Under faculty supervision clinic students interview and advise clients prepare and file legal papers negotiate with other attorneys on behalf of the clients and appear on the record in court or at administrative hearings. By providing valuable opportunities for client interaction clinics help students develop essential lawyering skills such as interviewing fact-gathering research. Drafting legal documents and oral advocacy. Clinics also place students into professional situations where they explore ethical legal issues and begin to form their identities as attorneys. All clinics have a classroom component a weekly three- hour seminar during which students and faculty engage in case rounds discuss substantive law issues related to their particular clinic and practice lawyering skills through simulations and other activities. The seminar the client interaction the court appearances and the close individual supervision combine to provide our students with a clinic experience that transforms the law student into a legal professional. And just as importantly our students are helping to close the access to justice gaps for the most vulnerable populations in our region.